The gap between those who have access to digital technologies and those who do not; or the gap between those who use digital technologies and those who do not. Patterns of unequal access are often related to global inequalities and to individual factors such as income, age, and/or gender issues. Often treated as a synonym for the knowledge gap between the information rich and poor.
Digital divide is marked not only by physical access to computers and connectivity but also by access to the additional resources that allow people to use technology well.
The concept of a digital divide gained headway in the mid-to-late 1990s, at the same time that the Internet and dot-com booms were under way in the United States.
Chandler, Daniel - Munday, Rod (2011): Dictionary of Media and Communication. Oxford University Press. 102 p. See the Online Edition
Warschauer, Mark (2003): Technology and Social Inclusion: Rethinking the digital divide. Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press . 6,11,199 p.
DiMaggio, P. J., and E. Hargittai. 2001. From the “digital divide” to “digital inequality”: Studying Internet use as penetration increases. Working Paper 19. Princeton, N.J.: Center for Arts and Cultural Policy Studies, Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University.
Hargittai, Eszter: The digital divide and what to do about it. in: “New Economy Handbook” edited by Derek C. Jones. San Diego, CA: Academic Press. 2003. 2,3,9-10 p. http://www.eszter.com/research/pubs/hargittai-digitaldivide.pdf
Warschauer, M. 2002. "Reconceptualizing the Digital Divide." First Monday 7(7).
Carvin, Andy (2000): Mind the Gap: The Digital Divide as the Civil Rights Issue of the New Millennium http://www.infotoday.com/MMSchools/Jan00/carvin.htm - article Retrieved 02.11.2014