An umbrella term that first emerged int he 1980s loosely referring to computer-based media. New media tend to blur the distinction between interpersonal and mass communication (desktop publishing, narrowcasting, public and private spheres); ’information in digital form can be shared and exchanged by large numbers of users simultaneously’. The term applies to a wide range of phenomena and practices: new kinds of textual forms and entertainment pleasures (videogames, the internet, virtual worlds); new patterns of media consumption (convergence, hypertext, sit forward and sit back); new ways of representing the world (blogs, digitalization, photoshopping), the self (avatar, personal homepage), and community (bulletin boards, chatrooms, social networking); new relationships between media producers and consumers (file sharing, gift economy, participatory culture, user-generated content), and new phenomenological experiences (embodiment, immersion, presence).
Feldman, Tony (1997:6): An introduction to Digital Media. London,Routledge in: Gane, Nicholas, Beer, David(2008): Key Concepts: New Media. Oxford, New York, Berg Publishers. 7 p.
Chandler, Daniel - Munday, Rod (2011): Dictionary of Media and Communication. Oxford University Press. 293 p. See the Online Version